The Investigators

Dr. Edzia Carvalho, Principal Investigator

Dr. Kristi Winters, International Co-Investigator


Joint publications

Also by Dr. Carvalho

Measuring Human Rights (with Todd Landman) (Routledge, 2009).

Assessing the Quality of Democracy: A Practical Guide (with David Beetham, Todd Landman and Stuart Weir) (Stockholm: International IDEA, 2008). Translated into Spanish (2009), French (2010) and Arabic (2011).

‘Measuring Children’s Rights: An Alternative Approach’, International Journal of Children’s Rights, 16:4 (2008), 545-563

‘Dynamics of a Working Democracy: Representative Politics in a Goa Constituency’ (with Peter R. deSouza, Sushma Pawar and Solano Da Silva), Economic and Political Weekly, 41:16 (2006)

Also by Dr. Winters

Winters, Kristi. 2014.  ‘Scarecrows or Tin Men? Talking About Party Leaders.’ Sex, Lies and the Ballot Box: 50 Things You Need to Know About British Elections. Philip Cowley (Ed) and Robert Ford (Ed). Biteback, London.

Johns, Rob, Kristi Winters, and Rosie Campbell. 2011. ‘My Heart Says One Thing but My Head Says Another? Men, Women, and the Psychology of Partisanship in Britain.’ Gender and Politics, 7:2, pp. 193-222.

Campbell, Rosie, and Kristi Winters. 2008. ‘Understanding men and women’s political interests: evidence from a study of gendered political behaviour,’ Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 18:1, pp. 53–74.

Winters, Kristi, and Rosie Campbell. 2007. ‘Hearts or Minds: Men, Women and Leader Evaluations in the 2005 General Election’, in D. Wring, J. Green, R. Mortimore and S. Atkins (eds.). Political Communications: The General Election Campaign of 2005. Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan, pp. 184-202.

Campbell, Rosie, and Kristi Winters. 2006. ‘The British General Election’ in R. Campbell Gender and the Vote in Britain: Beyond the Gender Gap. University of Essex: ECPR, pp. 115–127.

Research in the media

Campbell, Rosie and Kristi Winters (17 October 2007). ‘The myth of the homogeneous voter.’ Thinking Aloud podcast available at:

Campbell, Rosie and Kristi Winters (September 2006). ‘Gender and Voting Behaviour in Britain.’ Westminster Hour podcast available at:

Doctoral thesis Creative Commons License Sex and gender as sources of heterogeneity in political attitudes and behaviours  by Dr. Kristi Winters is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Quantitative dataset: Gender and the Vote in Britain, 2007 (headed by Dr. Rosie Campbell, Birkbeck College, contributions by Kristi Winters)




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